Friday, March 27, 2009

SwissInfo Interview

Soul-searching in the Americas
An explorer heads across the Atlantic in the 1850s.

Monday, March 23, 2009

Wilhelm Sillem

Henri de Buren was by all accounts betrothed to Madeleine Sillem, his first cousin and wife-to-be, before he left on his trip for the Americas. She was born in Mexico City in 1835, during the four year period that her father Wilhem was a speculator for European business interests there. Henri's voyage through Mexico was certainly made more agreeable thanks to his uncle, who was still well connected.

The following excerpt on Wilhelm is from Hans-Wolff Sillem’s website chronicling the Sillem Family.

Wilhelm (1804-1885) who had been an apprentice at Hope & Co showed more skills in business but developed into a reckless speculator. His "showpiece" was to grant the Polish government a credit of dizzying height: pre-financing the year's harvest. The Polish used the money to finance a campaign against Russia. The Tsar's empire prevailed and Sillem & Co went bankrupt. Father Jerôme was devastated, and not only because of the financial loss. After all, he had been the Tsar's court banker! Jerôme did not live long after that.

Wilhelm Sillem did not learn from the disaster he had caused. To the contrary: he continued to hope for profits from speculations. First he moved to London with his large family where he found employment in the firm run by his uncle Hermann Sillem. Wilhelm endured only two years in London. After that he tried his luck in Mexico. However, his business partners over there soon withdrew confidence after failed speculations. After four more years he returned to Hamburg as a failed entrepreneur.

Backed by his well-to-do mother, he started with two new projects. In a side alley in the city he built 17 houses for wealthy people. Nine years later he had sold only 9 of them. His brother Adolph Sillem took over the remaining ones and put them on the market. Then Wilhelm had Germany's first glass-covered shopping passage and a hotel built on Hamburg's splendid boulevard Jungfernstieg. The public response to "Sillem's Bazar" was enthusiastic at first. However due to inconsiderate errors of judgment on Wilhelm's side the wealthy clientèle began to stay away after some time. Already after 40 years the hotel and the passage were pulled down and replaced by new buildings. Both projects had failed. The family had lost lots of money. They stripped the speculator of his legal capacity. He was granted a fixed annual sum and urged to leave the city.

With his wife and children Wilhelm moved to Geneva and spent the remainder of his life there. He got deeply involved in public welfare caring for the poor and shared what was left of his fortune with the needy in the city. They called him "Father of the Poor", and a street was named after him. His son Wilhelm Sillem (1842-1904) became an agriculturist. He migrated to Argentina with his family.

Thaer's School in Möglin

Henri, like his father before him studied botany and agriculture at Albrect Thaer's school near Berlin.

In 1804 Albrecht Daniel Thaer (1752 – 1828) followed an invitation to establish his domicile and his activities in the Prussian Kingdom. He purchased the manor of Möglin in the Eastern part of what is nowadays the Federal State of Brandenburg. At Möglin he was able to develop his concept of rational agriculture, managed both economically and sustainable, and based on crop rotation, soil improvement by marling, increased field forage, stable feeding, extension of grassland by man-made alluvial pastures, and sheep breeding and management. He contributed actively to designing the Prussian agrarian reforms. Many components of the actual German soil bonitation are based on Thaer’s ideas. In 1806, Thaer founded an agricultural school at Möglin, which became the Royal Prussian Academy of Agriculture, and lasted up to 1862. Many of Thaer’s ideas are still relevant.

Tuesday, March 3, 2009

The Sea Passage

The following is a translation from Henri's first letter home.

June 22, 1852, on board the Niagara

"When this letter reaches you, I will already be on the high seas. The trip from Liverpool to Boston is expected to take around 15 days. We are traveling on the Royal Mail Steamer Niagara, which is of good size, about three of our steamers from Lake Geneva.

There are about 30 people in the first class cabins, only a few are really worth mentioning however. Mr. Oliver Middleton of Boston, Mr. Mazendorf, originally from Strassbourg, a merchant on his way back to New Orleans and Mr. Peabody of New York, accompanied by his wife and daughter who are returning from a long trip on the continent. There is also a rice farmer from the Carolinas who also happens to be a commander in the local militia and is never without his edition of Wellington's dispatches under his arm. Lastly there is a Tobacco farmer from Virginia who is accompanied by his valet Don Juan Ferrera."

Boston Entry Documentation for Henri de Buren and his travel partner and friend François de Graffenried.

Interesting Subtext
An ancestor of François de Graffenried, Baron Christoph de Graffenried founded New Bern, North Carolina in 1710.
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